OCTOBER 2012

Handmade Chocolate

by: Gareth Hoyle (reading – 3.9. - 9.9.)

Need something delicious to luxuriate in after a hard working day?

We all need our treats and, after a difficult and stressful day there is nothing better than letting some delicious chocolate melt on your tongue. You can feel your stresses and strains melting away with it. However, as we all know, not all chocolate is of the same quality. If you buy handmade chocolate, you know that it is very unlikely to be full of preservatives and synthetic materials as much of the mass produced chocolate on the high street is.

Handmade chocolate really is superior

As you can imagine, the taste of handmade chocolate is vastly superior to the mass produced brands. Firstly, because time and care have been given over in the making of it, the difference in the end result is extremely noticeable. Handmade chocolate appears smoother and tastes much smoother and more delicious. In short, it tastes much more as you would imagine real chocolate is supposed to taste rather than the over sugary, sickly stuff we have long been used to.

Where can I buy the best handmade chocolate?

Really good handmade chocolate is harder to come by than you would imagine as many brands of mass produced chocolate are now creating so called ‘luxury’ products which they try to pass off as handmade. One company you can completely rely on, however, is www.sweetshopmemories.co.uk. Their handmade chocolate is made from the finest ingredients from Belgium and Germany as well as England so you can rest assured that the product you receive from them is of the very highest quality that you could hope or. Visit their website today to browse all of the wonderful confectionery they have on offer.

About The Author

sweetshopmemories.co.uk stock mouth watering favorites such as Clotted Cream Fudge made in the West Country, Handmade chocolates made from the finest ingredients from Belgium, Germany and England. As well as a large range of the original JELLY BELLY BEANS with over 30 varieties and more.

The author invites you to visit: www.sweetshopmemories.co.uk



How to Learn Chinese

by: Andrew Elison (reading – 10.9. - 16.9.)

Many people feel that Chinese, as a language, is tough to learn. This is because the spoken language is easier to gather than the written version. What is important in most of the languages is to imbibe the culture of the language before learning the language itself. The different regions of China have different dialects such as Beijing or Singapore Chinese, or Mandarin or Cantonese. Some of the dialects are only spoken whereas they use the mainstream Chinese characters for writing purposes.

Character Systems: Chinese as a language has two different character systems – the Traditional Chinese and the Simplified Chinese. The latter is easier to learn as it has less complicated characters.

Learn Chinese Online

Learning Chinese is a part of the curricula for a lot of people, whereas some may like to take it up as a hobby. Touted as one of the most difficult languages to learn, Chinese can be learned from experts. The best and easiest way is to learn the language online. Although the language requires plenty of efforts, it is best to devote your time and commitment for improving your chances of employment, enhancing your travel experience and negotiate internal business agreements. More and more people are turning to learning the language online.

The Chinese written system is based on a series of written characters or pictograms. Different tones are used to add different meanings to an individual word. Any online tool that helps you learn the language will help you understand the culture of the people and their way of life. Numerous websites are dedicated to learning the language online. The benefit of online learning or e-learning is that you can access ample information regarding the basics of the language. Different courses are available for learning the language and these may be in the form of video courses, audio courses or programs conducted by the best teachers of the country.

Online training will make you acquainted with different alphabets of the language. Start by mastering the pronunciation of the alphabets. The first step through which you can learn the language is through the Chinese Pinyin which comprises all the phonetic Chinese alphabets that are required for pronouncing the Chinese characters. Students can learn to distinguish the various tonalities of the language by paying keen attention to the different types of reading the Pinyin letters, initials, finals, or other tentative combinations.

Audio courses are available and their benefit is that they teach you everything about the accents and phonetics of the language. You may listen and learn the different languages of the simple Chinese vocabulary to sharpen your fluency in grammar usage by attending the online classes regularly. The modern audio and video courses offer an updated and convenient option of writing and reading Chinese.

The online Chinese programs are prepared by experienced teachers and each of them starts with the basic aspects of the language, gradually promoting the students to attend different levels of smooth and confident communication.

About The Author

Visit Stress-Less Chinese.com for your Free 5 lesson Beginner's Course.

The author invites you to visit: www.stresslesschinese.com



History of money

by: Tomas Ilnatis (reading – 17.9. - 23.9.)

We all use money every day. It is essential because if we want to buy some food, clothes, etc., we have to pay money for these goods. Money is recognized as banknotes and coins. However, many years ago people couldn’t go to the shop and buy what they wanted. They had to exchange some merchandise or services for other goods or services and this process is called barter trade. It was a really difficult procedure. Barter often depends on a coincidence of wants. Giving an illustration, the seller of grain has to find a buyer who wants to buy grain and who also could offer something the seller wants to buy. And one more example, if a wheat farmer needs what a fruit farmer produces, a direct swap is impossible because seasonal fruit would spoil before the grain harvest. The solution is to trade fruit for wheat indirectly through a third, intermediate, commodity. Intermediate commodity or in other words commodity money has to be imperishable, attractive in demand, etc. For example, it can be cattle, salt, shells, wine and so on. These commodity money had disencumbered barter trade from difficulties. However, commodity money had their disadvantages, for example cattle, fur, precious stones couldn’t be cut into smaller pieces and it was uncomfortable to keep and transport .

Because of the minuses of commodity money, people had to invent simpler way to continue the trade. And they invented specie or monetary money. It was very similar to commodity money. At first, specie was a shape of metal bars, wire, rings or powder. This money was uncomfortable because it was necessary to weigh and to hallmark it. Soon, weight and hallmark of specie were embossed on the money. And the coin was invented then the ingot was shaped up. The earliest known coins in the western world came from Lydia in about 650 B.C. They were made of electrum, a natural alloy of gold and silver found locally. Greek cities, The Great Persian Empire and Roman Empire quickly adopted the new useful technique of metal currency. And by the end of the 6th century, coinage were common throughout the region. However, coins as well as commodity money had many disadvantages. For instance, coins quickly show wear and they usually have small value, so it’s difficult to count lavish sums of coins. Because of these reasons, people invented paper money.

So let’s move on to the paper money. At first, paper money was used In China in about 650 A.D. After then, paper money was used in Persia and Japan. In Europe paper money was produced for the first time in the Netherlands in 16 century and in the USA in 17 century. Paper money doesn’t have any value in itself. It is worthless, symbolic. In other words, paper money is just a note. It has a purchasing power because the government announces it as money and citizens accept it universally. Nowadays, we often don’t see real money (banknotes and coins) because we use credit cards and money is like an abstraction. Our money is placed into electronic space and it circulates just because of our imagination, but this electronic banking lightens the trade, purchasing, etc.

About The Author

More my thoughts and essays internetines parduotuves and drabuziai. Good reading.

The author invites you to visit: www.parduotuveinternete.lt



Consumer Camcorders VS Professional Camcorders

by: Jay Preston (reading – 24.9. - 30.9.)

Are you getting ready to shoot a corporate event, educational video or documentary? If so then you will want a camcorder that will give you a professional end result. For the best results you will need control of your recording. For complete manual control a professional camcorder is the answer. Easily edited output format and superior image quality. With lighting and audio accessories compatibility.

If you want to shoot like a pro then perhaps a professional camcorder is what you're after. Some pro camcorders can set you back thousands. The good news is that the line between professional and prosumer camcorders is getting harder to define.

In the past, HD was only available on the pro models but HD is now the standard. In fact even cell phones and ipod's can shoot in high definition now. The consumer cameras of today are arguably better than the professional models of just a few years ago.


What about the camcorders being produced today?

A professional camcorder will have easily accessible manual controls over focus, zoom, exposure, shutter, audio and gain settings. Actual adjustable rings and dials.

Consumer camcorders will have some manual controls but not all and they are more difficult to find on the fly. Usually they are several screens down into the touch screen window.

Pro models will have interchangeable lens systems with larger lenses. Giving more user control. Adding interchangeable lenses will allow you to gain control over low light situations, depth of field, macro and telephoto shots.

Professional camcorders have bigger sensors. This will dramatically increase the ability of the camcorder to capture light increasing the capability to shoot in low light while still giving rich color depth.

The price difference between consumer grade and pro is a major point. A full HD consumer camcorder can be had for under $200 or as high as a few thousand. Professional camcorders start where the consumer grades top out and can reach into the high five figures.

The real difference is with the shooter and not the camcorder. There is no substitute for experience and a good eye.

About The Author

Get reviews of the top professional camcorders at Professional Camcorders.

The author invites you to visit: www.professionalcamcordersx.com