Ferrari Going Electric

by: Hugh Armstrong (reading – 4.7. - 10.7.)

The New LaFerrari

When I first found out about the LaFerrari, I can honestly tell you I didn't believe it. Ferrari developing a hybrid, can you catch me one of those flying pigs while you're at it? But now that I have looked at this wonderful piece of machinery I kind of wish I had a million pounds lying around.

The LaFerrari is the most powerful Ferrari to date and only weighs 1255kg. On top of these starting statistics for a hybrid, the car consumes 40 percent less fuel than other Ferrari supercars! However if you want to get down to some basic stats that will leave you hating your Lamborghini, the LaFerrari has a top speed of over 220mph and can do 0-62 in under 3 seconds! I wonder what it is like to see a Lamborghini Aventador in your mirrors. Probably pretty good.

After looking at the statistics I started to say, "Hold on, with these stats how this supercar is a hybrid I do not know." So I did a little bit more research, this supercar is no more a hybrid than the dodo is a bird. It technically is a hybrid but with a V12 Engine producing 800PS and an electric engine producing 163PS. That means the LaFerrari is just under 20% electric making it the most one sided hybrid to hit the market yet!

However for everyone who likes to read between the lines. Ferrari has created the first hybrid supercar and there is a reason behind their madness. They have released 499 of these supercars which means they do not want it to be available for mass purchase but they do want potential customers to drive them. So too highlight the facts simply, Ferrari have created a hybrid supercar and are only letting 499 people try it out. You know what that says to me? A test. Ferrari are using the LaFerrari to see how well the public take to the hybrid supercar because let’s face it even if it is in a hundred years time, fossil fuels will run out and that means the supercars that survive are going to be Hybrid. And Ferrari is leading the way.

About The Author

My name is Hugh Armstrong and I am writing this article on behalf of Alpha Drive; specialists in supercar hire and Ferrari hire.

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Louisiana Swamp Tours - An Adventure to Remember

by: Kevin Schmiterson (reading – 11.7. - 17.7.)

Imagine gliding through the swamps of Louisiana on a boat, taking in all the sights and sounds of the area. When you plan Louisiana Swamp tours, you can experience the swamp and its habitants while enjoying the beautiful scenery, listening to the swamp sounds. Tours vary, but there are boats that can hold many passengers and take them deep into the swamp and experience all the area has to offer. Cameras are welcome, as there is so much to see and tourists will want pictures to remember their journey through the swamps of Cajun country in Louisiana.

Both adults and children enjoy Louisiana swamp tours. There is so much to see, as the swamp is alive with plants, exotic birds and creatures, such as alligators and other reptiles. Tourist may also catch a glimpse of a white-tail deer, a mink or egret. When gliding through the swamp its best to have the cameras ready to catch the wildlife before it flees. This swamp experience is like no other for people new to the area. Until they see it, tourists may not realize the beauty that a swamp holds or the many sights and sounds that one misses out on dry land.

Some airboat Louisiana swamp tours take out fewer passengers, so the guide can take the boat into deeper areas of the swamp and see the most exotic sites. This gives tourist a deeper look into swamp life and more to see as the airboat cuts deep into the water, carrying the passenger under the hanging moss and through muggy swamp air. Some tourists choose both a pontoon boat and air boat tours, so they can get a well-rounded swamp experience and see all the area has to offer. These tours attract people from all over the U.S.

The guides are native to the area and know their way around the swamp. They can offer tourists interesting facts and also tell some entertaining stories during the tour. Many of the passengers appreciate the knowledge and storytelling skills these guides possess, as it adds to their Louisiana swamp tours experience. The guides actually know so much about the swamps that they give more information than you can find in books, because they live it. Many of them work as fisherman, trappers or crabbers and understand the area well.

About The Author

Louisiana Swamp Tours gives many tours, so they are very familiar with the swamp and its inhabitants.

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Tea through Time: A History in Brief

by: Yolanda Saez (reading – 18.7. - 24.7.)

Finely ground dried leaves added to boiling water and stirred with a bamboo rod: Here begins the early practice of tea drinking.

In 2700 B.C., fresh leaves in hot water were consumed for medicinal purposes in China, but by 200 A.D., tea infusions became a common cultural activity, where the green leaves of wild trees were prepared as a beverage to be enjoyed daily. In this time, tea bushes were cultivated for their properties and a system of drying leaves and marketing infusions was developed.

By 400 A.D. Chinese exporters began to ship tea to neighboring countries, including Japan and Tibet. In 800 A.D. the first tea seeds were brought to Japan for cultivating, where new appreciation for the infused drink was born and was permanently grown in the region by 1200 A.D.

As early as the thirteenth century and by way of China and Japan, tea consumption traveled to parts of Southeast Asia, including the Philippines, Indonesia and India. Tea houses in China had also become widely popular. Marco Polo, the renowned Venetian adventurer, brought tea from China to the court of the Indian emperor Harsha Vardhana.

In the 14th century, tea entered the land of the Mongols, Muslim countries and Russia before reaching Europe. During China's Ming Dynasty, the traditional fashion of preparing tea as an infusion was put into practice. The method by which green tea was prepared then is still used today.

Moving into the 16th century Vasco de Gama established the first Portuguese enclave for trade with Asia. Portuguese sailors came to Ceylon, now Sri Lanka, which became one of the largest producers of tea. At that time, spices, silk and tea were in the hands of the Portuguese.

Until the mid-16th century, only green tea produced in China had been pressed into pills. As the market demand grew, it became necessary to cultivate tea in a form where its properties were not lost. Producers of tea discovered they could better preserve the tea if left to ferment and then heated it for a dehydration process. This form of preserving tea provided a natural process of decomposition, wherein Oolong Tea and Black Tea were born.

In this time, Philip II was proclaimed king and the two largest colonial empires, Spain and Portugal, were united. Captain James Lancaster became the first Englishman to reach India and broke the Portuguese trade monopoly.

At the end of 16th century, sailors with the East India Company from the Netherlands established a commercial sea route to East Asia. They colonized certain territories in order to compete and in some cases displace the Portuguese merchants.

In 1606 Europe's first large shipment of tea arrived and a trade war between Spain, the Netherlands and Portugal began. Traders from the Netherlands later arrived in Japan and the Japanese government authorized a commercial market for tea with the Netherlands. The English went on to compete with the East India Company from the Netherlands, and in 1624, England had also declared war on Spain.

Dutchmen continued their expansion and established what would become a thriving commercial center in Ceylon. Different varieties of tea were offered in England from the East India Company. Around 1650, the first shipment of tea arrived to colonists of New Amsterdam, a city which later became New York. Tea became a drink popular among the English who lived in newly established American cities.

In 17th century London, Garway Coffee became the first public setting in which tea was served. The positive effects of this new and exotic beverage were noted: "Stimulates the body, relieves pain and headaches, cleanses the kidneys, betters one's sleep, and improves memory." Over time, tea became not only an essential drink, but one that played a vital part in the British Empire's culture.

At the end of the 17th century in London, the cheapest tea averaged 7 shillings per pound, almost a week's wages for an average worker. Still, there was a growing demand for tea from all social classes, resulting in a lively black market, which sold contraband tea brought from Holland.

By the late 18th century, Americans in New York and Boston had grown a liking for tea; but, England put higher taxes into place, including a tea tax among others. To protest against such high taxes, colonists disguised as Indians boarded British merchant ships and threw 342 bales of tea in the water. This historic event known as the Boston Tea Party was a prelude to the American Revolution.

By the 19th century, the English had established a tradition for tea drinking, which now includes "early morning tea" and "afternoon tea" served with buns, muffins, scones, cakes and jams.

In the early 19th century, China was virtually the sole supplier of tea in the world. By 1834, tea plantations were created in India.

In 1843 Scottish explorer and naturalist Robert Fortuno stated in his thesis that the origin of tea, its flavor, aroma and color came from one single tree called the Camellia Sinensis. It was acknowledged that green tea and black tea could be obtained from the same plant and that the distinction came down to the treatment of the tea leaves during harvest.

In the late 19th century and early 20th century, tea cultivation had spread to Russia; Iran; Uganda, Kenya, Congo, Tanzania, and Mozambique in Africa; Argentina, Brazil and Peru in South America; and Queensland in Australia. In the United States, New York merchant Thomas Sullivan sent customers samples of his different blends of tea in small bags. He had discovered filtered tea bags.

In this same period, an Englishman named Richard Blechynden hosted a stand which offered tea infusions from India and further served tea with ice at the World Fair in Saint Louis. So was "Iced Tea" born.

Today, whether you go to a tea shop, the local supermarket, or buy tea online, a variety of flavored teas are available with mixed spices, herbs, flower petals and fruit oils, all to be enjoyed in your favorite mug in the comfort of your own home.

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What Makes an Effective Negotiator

by: Jonathon Blocker (reading – 25.7. - 31.7.)

Effective negotiators try to find a solution to a problem or reach an agreement that meets everyone's satisfaction. Traditionally, American (and increasingly, global) corporate business has been a zero-sum game; there is a “winner” and a “loser;” with the “winner's” victory coming at the expense of the loser. This is not what constitutes effective negotiating, and in the long term, leads only to resentment, lost business opportunities, and as some global corporate giants are discovering in Latin America, outright social unrest. Truly effective negotiators work towards results that deliver a net gain for all concerned.

Applying Negotiations to Work

When facing sales negotiating – or any other type of negotiation situation – the first step is to assess your own interests as well as those of the other parties involved. What does everyone want? What is everyone willing to give up? For you see, effective negotiation involves some “give” as well as “take” from all parties.

It is also important to understand where everyone is “coming from.” This is unfortunately a generalized term, but in the context of sales negotiation, refers to past experience, future goals, and culture base – corporate as well as social. It also refers to expectations, which go back to what everyone involved is willing to give up in order to reach a mutually satisfactory agreement – as well as those points that are not negotiable.

Finally, you will need to determine what effective negotiating strategies and techniques are most appropriate to use. There are several such techniques that can be used; many of these involve the “give” and “take” referred to above, as well as breaking down the terms and reaching agreement on smaller elements of a larger agreement one piece at a time. Effective negotiating also requires some flexibility and willingness to change.

Effective negotiation is only part of what can be learning in good negotiation training. Such negotiation courses are provided by highly trained, highly skilled individuals who have a great deal of experience in sales negotiating.

Choosing the Right Negotiations Course

Based on an our own assessment of your company's strengths, weaknesses, short and long-term goals and present position – as well as those of yourself and any staff members – your trainer will design a negotiation course specifically tailored to your company's situation. Such a course will include appropriate materials that are easy to understand and are pertinent to a variety of situations.

Most importantly, an effective negotiation course provides opportunities for learners to actually practice using sales negotiation techniques in actual, real-world situations. An investment in training to become an effective negotiator is one of the most lucrative investments one can make in a company and its future profitability.

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